The Parable of the Tow Truck Driver and the Disabled Motorist

In Asheville, N.C., the owner and driver of a tow truck would not tow the car of a stranded, disabled lady who had just been in an accident. His reason for not towing the car was the Bernie Sanders bumper sticker on her car. The tow truck driver, Kenneth Shupe, professes to be a Christian. In his own words in this video, Shupe said “I think the Lord came to me, and said just get in the truck and leave.” (http://wlos.com/news/local/tow-truck-driver-refuses-to-tow-motorist-over-bernie-bumper-sticker)

As I read articles on the story, the parable of the Good Samaritan keeps running through my mind. The parable in Luke 10 begins…

30 Jesus replied, “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell into the hands of robbers, who stripped him, beat him, and went away, leaving him half dead. 31 Now by chance a priest was going down that road; and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. 32 So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+10%3A25-37&version=NRSV)

In the Parable of the Tow Truck Driver and the Disabled Motorist, a religiously minded person left a traveler on the side of the road, broken down and alone. I cannot help but draw some parallels. In each story religious beliefs and political ideologies prevented the religious adherent from being a neighbor.

Some will claim that Mr. Shupe has no legal obligation to serve someone with whom he has religious or political differences. That may very well be true. But it is also not the point. As a professing Christian, he has chosen an ethic higher than the law. He has chosen to follow in the way of Jesus, the way of grace and the way of neighbor. In Jesus’ greatest sermon we have on record, the Sermon on the Mount, he commanded his disciples to go the second mile and love our enemies. (https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+5%3A38-48+&version=NRSV)

Through my current and previous pastorates, I have had the opportunity to be pastor to two wonderful tow truck drivers who profess faith in Jesus by word and deed. Steve and Jimmy do difficult and dangerous work. I cannot fathom the circumstances under which they would leave a disabled young lady stranded by the road. In their walks, they have been the Good Samaritan to me and many others.

I know my words may sound like harsh judgment and so I offer them with fear and trembling. I know I have left travelers along literal and figurative roads on my journey. I also know that our when our religious and political beliefs prevent us from being neighbor to another, we find ourselves playing a role in the story of the Good Samaritan that we did not intend.

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Thank you Campbell University

I became a Camel in 1997, my freshmen year at Campbell University. After two years of hanging around Day Dorm, in 1999, I finally found my Day Doll, Kimberly Huggins. I was beginning my third year at Campbell. She was finishing her third day on campus. In 2002, I proposed to her in her apartment kitchen at University Manor. Trust me. It was romantic. We went on to marry, and we have two beautiful daughters who are Fighting Camel fans. Between the two of us, we have four diplomas from Campbell, and we still enjoy cheering on the Fighting Camels, especially when they come to central Virginia.
In Buies Creek, I had the opportunity to learn about ministry, preaching, the history of the church, public speaking, pastoral care, the environment, music, theatre, and so many other topics. Lessons learned in and out of the classroom come back to me daily. I had professors who became friends and colleagues. I went to a lot of basketball games in Carter Gym. I wore a lot of orange and made a lot of noise. I made friends that, though separated by distance, still occupy much of my memory.
I was able to go back to Campbell again and again because of the support and generosity of my wife, the Taylor Family of Troy, N.C., and my parents. At each opportunity, I could have gone to other schools, great schools that I respect immensely. And I thought seriously about those schools, but I am Camel. To consider what life would be like without Campbell’s part in the story, it would not be the same life. I would not be the same person.
I have the pleasure of serving on the Board of Ministers and so have a regular reason to go back to campus. On the next trip, I will get to share this great place with college students who are considering Campbell as place to prepare for ministry. It is a place and a story I like to share.
Happy 129th Birthday Campbell University! You look as vibrant and bright-eyed as you ever have.
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Palms of Celebration

It’s been almost a year since I lasted posted a blog. So, I think maybe it’s time for another. Just some thoughts that offer what how I’m thinking each Ash Wednesday and Lenten season. It’s nothing new. I wrote this poem in ’09 (I think). “Remember that you are dust, and to dust you shall return.”

Palms of celebration

Become ashes on my head.

They call it an imposition,

But my cross doesn’t make me bleed.

What imposition is a cross on my head.

You had yours slammed on your back.

I’ll carry my cross,

But I get to go home tonight.

No whips, no spears, just a soft warm bed.

My wilderness is easy.

But you went out alone

You stepped into wilderness the moment you left Mary’s womb.

You left heaven for earth,

You left Him for us.

Then I came along

I gave up Starbucks,

And felt like I had done something.

You gave up blood and breath and life.

No, this cross in no imposition.

The imposition is a poor sinner,

One just like me.

Who needs Wednesday’s ashes,

Again and again, year after year.

So I’ll wear my ashes

Humble as I can

From Ashes I came

To ashes I’ll return

A repenting, believing sinner,

Palms of celebration

Become ashes on my head.

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Discipleship Reflections: Luke 9:23-27

This series of blogs, Discipleship Reflections, are a part of an independent study for my Doctor of Ministry studies. Read, enjoy, comment. Thanks for reading.

In chapter 9, we are given Luke’s account of several critical discipleship moments for the Apostles. In the first six verses, Jesus sent out the disciples with instructions to preach or proclaim the “kingdom of God” and to cure individuals of diseases and demonic possessions. While the Apostles were off on their first ministry experiences, we are given an account of Herod’s confusion over Jesus’ identity, just as in the other synoptic Gospels. When the Apostles returned, their debriefing with Jesus was interrupted by the crowds clamoring to be with Jesus and the feeding miracle was once again recounted. After this, Peter made his groundbreaking declaration about Jesus’ divine identity. The flow of the events is similar to the other synoptic Gospels. So, what I would like to point out in Luke 9 is what is recorded in verses 23 through 27:

23 Then he said to them all, “If any want to become my followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross daily and follow me. 24 For those who want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my sake will save it. 25 What does it profit them if they gain the whole world, but lose or forfeit themselves? 26 Those who are ashamed of me and of my words, of them the Son of Man will be ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels. 27 But truly I tell you, there are some standing here who will not taste death before they see the kingdom of God.”

Jesus gave a stern warning about the cost of discipleship. He let them know full well that the path of following him would not be easy. He compared this suffering to the cross. This is an interesting comparison. No doubt the Apostles were aware of the crucifixion practices of the Romans, but at this point in the Gospels, Jesus had not died on a cross, and the crucifixion for them, was not associated with Jesus. As we read these verses today, we have a difficult time reading these verses without thoughts of Jesus’ own crucifixion, but it would be assuming too much to think the disciples were imagining Jesus on the cross as he spoke these words. These words must have seemed especially peculiar to the Apostles who could not yet imagine carrying out Jesus’ ministry without him, much less him willingly dying to fulfill his ministry. Yet, journeying with Jesus was compared to carrying a cross. The Apostles, in the ministry that followed, both before the events of the Passion and after, would learn that being Jesus’ disciple was not an easy road.

We are quick in evangelical life to highlight the benefits of professing faith in and following Christ as his disciple. We are perhaps, not as quick to explain the costs of discipleship. We might do well to properly inform prospective disciples with a complete picture of the life we invite them into. Maybe then we will make deeper disciples.

What Jesus shared with his disciples was not all bad. He also informed them of the life-giving reward that his disciples would receive. His explanation of the reward was simple: “those who lose their life for my sake will save it.” A short and profound offer to receive true life through the giving up of one’s life. A life is not an easy thing to give up, but Jesus offered no small reward in return.

• What costs will disciples encounter today in the contexts where we minister?
• Are we preparing disciples to understand the cost of discipleship?

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Discipleship Reflections: Luke 6:12-45

This series of blogs, Discipleship Reflections, are a part of an independent study for my Doctor of Ministry studies. Read, enjoy, comment. Thanks for reading.

In the beginning of the 6th chapter of Luke’s Gospel, at least some of the Disciples had broken Sabbath laws with Jesus by gathering grain on the wrong day, and seen Jesus heal on the Sabbath. Both events drew criticism from the Pharisees, and a strong retort from Jesus. The Disciples to this point included at least the fishermen disciples and Levi (Matthew), as they had been specifically called by Jesus in chapter 5.

In chapter 6, we read similar teaching to the Beatitudes in Matthew 5. The twelve Disciples, who had just been certified in verses 13-16, gathered with a large group of disciples of Jesus to observe Jesus’ teaching and healing ministry. The crowd that gathered probably included the twelve who would become Apostles and other followers. These Beatitudes constitute the first recorded teaching material he offered to his newly commissioned Disciples. So, the content ought to be seen as significant.

20 Then he looked up at his disciples and said:
“Blessed are you who are poor,
for yours is the kingdom of God.
21 “Blessed are you who are hungry now,
for you will be filled.
“Blessed are you who weep now,
for you will laugh.
22 “Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude you, revile you, and defame you[a] on account of the Son of Man. 23 Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, for surely your reward is great in heaven; for that is what their ancestors did to the prophets.
24 “But woe to you who are rich,
for you have received your consolation.
25 “Woe to you who are full now,
for you will be hungry.
“Woe to you who are laughing now,
for you will mourn and weep.
26 “Woe to you when all speak well of you, for that is what their ancestors did to the false prophets.

These beatitudes recapitulated the definition of God’s blessing and promises. It could be viewed as a message of divine hope for followers who would certainly face trials, temptation, and persecution during Jesus ministry and after his earthly ministry was completed.

It is also important to consider how we as disciples who also lead and teach not think too much of ourselves. After cautioning his disciples to avoid judgmental attitudes, Jesus continued with a parable:

39 He also told them a parable: “Can a blind person guide a blind person? Will not both fall into a pit? 40 A disciple is not above the teacher, but everyone who is fully qualified will be like the teacher. 41 Why do you see the speck in your neighbor’s eye, but do not notice the log in your own eye? 42 Or how can you say to your neighbor, ‘Friend, let me take out the speck in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the log in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your neighbor’s eye.

He made it plain that teaching and leading was not about judgment, but came with a responsibility to know oneself, to know our own sins and shortcomings. If we don’t know our own failings and humanness, we are likely to be the blind leading the blind. When we know ourselves we will be better able to teach and lead others. As he stated in the following verses, the quality of the teacher or tree determines the quality of the fruit that is produced.

So, again questions arise.
• How are we transferring hope to disciples?
• How are conveying a sense of blessing to the ones who will ultimately go out and make disciples?
• Are we teaching from a perspective of fellow learner or detached authority?
• Are we authentic with the disciples we are tasked with leading?

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Discipleship Reflections: Interview with Gary Chapman of the Christian Leaders Link

This series of blogs, Discipleship Reflections, are a part of an independent study for my Doctor of Ministry studies. Read, enjoy, comment. Thanks for reading.

On Tuesday, February 26, I visited with Dr. Gary Chapman, Director of the Christian Leaders Link (the Link). The Link may be unfamiliar to some, but it is a ministry of the Virginia Baptist Mission Board that began in 2005 and exists to offer leadership training for churches, ministers, and laity. I have come to know Gary well through planning training opportunities, and having served as an instructor with the Link. On a personal note, his ministry through the Link serves as encouragement to a group of young pastors who meet and dream with him regularly.

Gary graduated from Southern Seminary in 1978, and returned there later to complete an Ed.D. Though he began vocational ministry in youth and recreation ministries, Gary found his passion in teaching and education ministries. He served much of his vocational career as a Minister of Education before launching the Link in January of 2005.

The goal of discipleship, Gary said, is the process of “spiritual transformation in an individual.” It is about “becoming more Christ-like, becoming more spirit-filled” and leads to a “genuine transformation in the way you think and speak and act.” In his own work, Gary sees the training of leaders as the natural next step on the continuum of discipleship, and reading the ministry of Jesus to the disciples bears that out. They were disciples who learned, grew and became the Apostles, leaders of the early church.

In terms of what is working well in ministries of discipleship, Gary was adamant that “you don’t disciple people en masse,” and so discipleship is taking on more individualized approaches in the midst of small group ministries. This is nothing new according to Gary. He believes “the model was set by Jesus; that was a small group.” He also sees churches successfully being more intentional about “calling out and developing disciples to become leaders” not just in church life, but also spiritual leaders in the other areas of life such as home and the workplace. The church too, will do well learn the kinds of questions people are asking, and leaders within groups of disciples should become comfortable with asking good questions. Churches should also celebrate the work, growth, and accomplishments of these small groups of disciples.

On the horizon for churches that will do well with discipleship, according to Gary, is the use of technology for furthering community, not in a way that technology manages all of community interaction, but becomes another vehicle for interaction. Community is essential component to discipleship, and whatever ways technology can contribute to fostering community ought to be utilized. As I heard in an earlier interview, Gary also agrees that more attention should be paid to connecting Christians in one on one relationship where spiritual friends can mentor each other.

So, as I reflect on my conversation with Gary and his ministry with the Link, here are some questions I am continuing to ponder:
• How are we equipping leaders to ask good questions?
• How are utilizing technology to encourage discipleship and community?
• How are we celebrating the movement of disciples along their journey?

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Discipleship Reflections: Mark 6:7-13, 30-32

This series of blogs, Discipleship Reflections, are a part of an independent study for my Doctor of Ministry studies. Read, enjoy, comment. Thanks for reading.

The sixth chapter of Mark has a couple of important points to consider in understanding the ways that Jesus discipled his twelve. By this point Mark’s Gospel, the disciples were witnesses of several healings and heard a significant amount of Jesus’ teaching and preaching, and this preaching ministry led him back home to Nazareth where his preaching offended those listening. At that point, Jesus was ready to send the disciples to carry out his ministry.

7 He called the twelve and began to send them out two by two, and gave them authority over the unclean spirits. 8 He ordered them to take nothing for their journey except a staff; no bread, no bag, no money in their belts; 9 but to wear sandals and not to put on two tunics. 10 He said to them, “Wherever you enter a house, stay there until you leave the place. 11 If any place will not welcome you and they refuse to hear you, as you leave, shake off the dust that is on your feet as a testimony against them.” 12 So they went out and proclaimed that all should repent. 13 They cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many who were sick and cured them.

It is important to note how he sent them out. They were sent out in pairs rather than alone. Mark did not provide how they were paired off, but that Jesus sent them out together. When we send others off to minister, especially those early ministry experiences, it is probably best that we send them together. There is support in doing ministry together and a greater joy in carrying out the work of ministry together.

Jesus also empowered his disciples. He did more than simply say “Go.” He transferred authority to them so that they could carry out the kinds of ministry acts that they had seen him do. One of the greatest gifts we can offer to those who are going out to serve is to empower them. I believe the church’s role in helping people experience and express calling is two-fold. We are responsible for creating the kinds of environment in which people perceive some kind of ministry calling. We also are responsible for equipping people to use those gifts. Few of us can transfer any kind of supernatural authority in the way that Jesus did, but we can bless with our encouragement, our promise of prayers, and with proper preparation and equipping before sending them out.

30 The apostles gathered around Jesus, and told him all that they had done and taught. 31 He said to them, “Come away to a deserted place all by yourselves and rest a while.” For many were coming and going, and they had no leisure even to eat. 32 And they went away in the boat to a deserted place by themselves.

After an aside telling of John the Baptist’s execution by Herod Antipas, Mark returned to the disciples’ story of their first ministry experiences. Nothing is told about their experiences. All we are told is the disciples returned to Jesus and shared with him what had occurred while they were gone. He invited them into a time of rest and debriefing after these initial experiences. It is unclear how long they had to process their experiences before a crowd began to gather, but it is apparent that this time of reflection was important in their formation. This time seems to have been cut short by the crowd that gathered to be with Jesus, but Jesus made a point of the importance to rest and reflection after busy seasons of ministry.

• How do we prepare, equip, and empower disciples for ministry in the name of Jesus? Are our methods and ways purposeful and meaningful or haphazard at best?
• How are we offering time and space for disciples to reflect on and learn from ministry experiences?

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Discipleship Reflections: Matthew 15:32-38

Chapter 15 had already been a busy chapter verse 32. Jesus had managed to offend the Pharisees over the issue of ritual hand washing. He found the practice useless because a dirty mind and heart defiled, not dirty hands. They were offended to the point that the disciples expressed their concern to him. He had tried to turn away a Canaanite woman who came to him on behalf of her daughter. In a way, this Gentile woman of great faith was almost set as a foil to the Jewish disciples who showed little faith in Jesus’ ability to feed the crowd later in the chapter. He healed a number of people from all sorts of illnesses, and that crowd set up the miracle that comes in the chapter.

32 Then Jesus called his disciples to him and said, “I have compassion for the crowd, because they have been with me now for three days and have nothing to eat; and I do not want to send them away hungry, for they might faint on the way.” 33 The disciples said to him, “Where are we to get enough bread in the desert to feed so great a crowd?” 34 Jesus asked them, “How many loaves have you?” They said, “Seven, and a few small fish.” 35 Then ordering the crowd to sit down on the ground, 36 he took the seven loaves and the fish; and after giving thanks he broke them and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds. 37 And all of them ate and were filled; and they took up the broken pieces left over, seven baskets full. 38 Those who had eaten were four thousand men, besides women and children.

In the midst healing a number of people who had gathered around Jesus, he grew concerned about their physical hunger. They had been listening to his teaching and watching him heal for three days, and he could not bear the thought of them returning home unprepared for the journey. He included the disciples in what was about to happen by explaining to them his intentions and the reason for his intentions. His plan was to feed all of the people. Their concerns at this plan seemed reasonable and logical given the numbers and location. Unless this feeding miracle is a retelling of the miracle in chapter 14 though, they should have been aware of both his intentions and capabilities.

Jesus, however, was undaunted by their concerns, and he did not correct them. He simply asked for an inventory, still including them in what was about to happen. As he began passing out food, he passed first to the disciples who began passing to everyone else, as if to say to them “I know there’s not enough, but would take this loaf to that family over here and this fish to that widow over there.” They did not believe, but yet they were the servers.
The miracles and healings that preceded this meal had not convinced the disciples of what Jesus was fully capable. They continued to learn as they observed and participated in the ministry of the Good News. Interestingly, in the very next chapters, Jesus began to reveal his identity at much deeper level with the question in 16 of “Who do you say that I am?” and the transfiguration in 17.

As much as this miracle is about feeding the hungry and exhibiting his ability to do so, and I believe it is, this miracle also acts as a teachable moment for the disciples. Our teachable moments will most likely happen in the midst of ministry together. Perhaps the best equipping we can provide as a means of discipleship is to make a priority of simply doing the work of the Gospel together. Here are some questions I am still pondering:

• How do we bring people along with us into ministries they cannot quite envision yet?
• Can we clearly articulate the “why” of mission and miracle in the way that Jesus did?
• Can those who follow, trust enough to follow even when they do not fully understand what is about to happen?

People will likely doubt new ministries or missions. They will often doubt their own giftedness, but they need to trust those who are encouraging them to go anyway. They will need to trust those who ask them to pass the bread.

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Disciplship Reflections: Interview with Laura McDaniel of the Woman’s Missionary Union of Virginia

Last Thursday, I talked with Laura McDaniel about the discipleship ministries of the Woman’s Missionary Union of Virginia (WMUV). Laura serves as the Executive Director/Treasurer of WMUV, and before serving in that role, she was a corporate attorney. She brings to this position her sharp, legal mind, her passion for missions, and a personal missional lifestyle. It is apparent that her passion for ministry comes from the light-filled moment in 1996 in which God interrupted her life. For her, it was not a Damascus Road experience, but an I-85 conversion. While many of us are more likely to lose our religion on the interstate, Laura found and reclaimed the faith of her childhood on that busy thoroughfare.

In previous conversations, Laura had shared with me her excitement for a missional kind of discipleship. For her, “to talk about being a disciple is to be missional.” As she reads the Great Commission in Matthew 28, she hears a very distinct outward focus in the command to “Go and make disciples.” In her context, she has found the terminology of “discipleship” most helpful because its meaning is clearer and more basic.

As WMUV has sought to provide discipleship opportunities, there has been decided shift in the past decade from learning about missionaries and offering prayer and financial support to conveying the idea that “each child is a missionary in their context.” They are also very intentional about finding exceptional women and girls of all ages, and “for those girls who really rise up as leaders,” they work hard at “equipping them to excel.” Their goal is to disciple them and multiply the impact by developing leaders. As a pastor to some of these young women, I have seen firsthand, the effectiveness of what WMUV does.

McDaniel sees a number of movements on the horizon for discipleship with WMUV. Much of this future centers on the development of community for learning and mission work, and relational evangelism, and she hopes WMUV can be place for individuals and churches to come and seek out the best resources for a missional discipleship. She is clear in pointing out that the groups that will thrive within the local church will be the ones that celebrate and maintain an outward focus as a part of discipleship.

Here are a couple of questions that might be important for us to consider for our own contexts?

• How are we equipping those disciples who show leadership potential?
• How do our ways of discipleship offer opportunity to give active response to the beliefs and convictions disciples are embodying?

One resource that continued to come up in our conversation was the work of Mike Breen. His book, Building a Discipling Culture, is one she has encouraged me to read.

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Discipleship Reflections: Matthew 10

This series of blogs, Discipleship Reflections, are a part of an independent study for my Doctor of Ministry studies. Read, enjoy, comment. Thanks for reading.

By the tenth chapter of Matthew, the twelve men commonly referred to as the Disciples were called. Jesus gave them authority to minister to others through healing and casting out demons. After establishing the identity of the twelve, Matthew recorded Jesus sending them out with instructions.

5 These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: “Go nowhere among the Gentiles, and enter no town of the Samaritans, 6 but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7 As you go, proclaim the good news, ‘The kingdom of heaven has come near.’ 8 Cure the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. You received without payment; give without payment. 9 Take no gold, or silver, or copper in your belts, 10 no bag for your journey, or two tunics, or sandals, or a staff; for laborers deserve their food. 11 Whatever town or village you enter, find out who in it is worthy, and stay there until you leave. 12 As you enter the house, greet it. 13 If the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it; but if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. 14 If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, shake off the dust from your feet as you leave that house or town. 15 Truly I tell you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town.

It is peculiar that in these instructions, Jesus instructed them to minister only to the Jewish people, even to the extent that they were told to avoid Gentiles and Gentile settlements altogether. The text offers no explanation as to why they were to minister only to the Jewish people. A few explanations are possible. Later, in chapter 15, Jesus said himself that he was sent first to Israel. Were they to be the first ones to receive the Good News? Was Jesus sending them into more friendly places to begin ministry, perhaps a more gradual introduction to the costly nature of discipleship. Was he sending them to a safe place to begin?

In the summer of 2009, I had the opportunity to supervise a pastoral intern through the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship’s Collegiate Congregational Internship program. One of her ministry goals that summer was to learn about pastoral care. After making a number of pastoral visits with me, and studying the ministry of pastoral care, I sent her to visit one senior adult without me. Having grown up in the same community where she was serving, I sent her to see an elderly woman she knew well, a lady who loved her dearly. In my estimation, Peggy would take care of this young minister. It was a safe place to continue learning about pastoral care and put to use some of what had been learned and experienced.

Perhaps the truth is that both the priority of the Jews in hearing the Gospel and a slightly less uncomfortable introduction to ministry were factors in Jesus sending the Disciples to the Jewish people first. In sending them, Jesus was honest about the difficulties they would face. He did not gloss over the inevitability of resistance, but he also promised that the Spirit would work through them as they carried out their commission.

In thinking about Matthew 10 and discipleship, there are a few things we might learn:

• It is important to notice that Jesus only asked the disciples to do the kinds of ministries that they had already observed him carry out or participated in with him. They were to do as they had seen him do. It makes sense then, that as we seek to make disciples and prepare others for ministry that perhaps an important step is to simply participate in ministry with those we are teaching. In the context of a local church, this might mean inviting others to come along when we visit the sick, teaching well the teachers in our congregations, and picking up the tools of ministry along those who are serving on the mission field.

• Jesus was honest about the challenges of ministry. We would do a disservice to those who serve with us if we were to hide from them the challenges that will come. That is not to say we should scare off would-be disciples, but we will be found to be inauthentic if we knowingly skip over the known challenges. People will more willingly follow if they know what awaits them.

• As disciples are in the formative stages of understanding giftedness, passion, and calling, perhaps we best prepare them by sending to those places and people where they are more likely to have the kinds of ministry experiences that will encourage further ministry exploration.

In all of Jesus’ time with the Disciples, perhaps some of his greatest work was nudging the twelve along as they processed down the winding path from being disciples (learners) to apostles (leaders and teachers).

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